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Posts for tag: Bunions

By Peter Y. Siroka, DPM
December 24, 2020
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Bunions  

Bunions are bony protrusions along the side of the foot near the base of the big toe. They can develop when the metatarsophalangeal joint that connects the large toe to the rest of the foot becomes dislocated. Bunions will not heal on their own, but different treatment options are available. Plus, there are steps you can take to prevent them in the first place. Dr. Peter Siroka, the experienced podiatrist at our office in Stamford, CT, can help with bunions treatment and prevention.

Causes of Bunions

The primary cause of bunions is a dislocated toe joint. When the metatarsophalangeal joint slips out of place, the big toe slants toward the smaller ones. This slanted position can cause the dislocated joint to push up against the side of the foot and protrude outward, resulting in the formation of a bony bump which is known as a bunion. In addition to the discomfort of a dislocated big toe joint, the friction produced when the interior of the shoes rub against the bunions can also lead to pain and discomfort.

Many factors can contribute to a dislocated metatarsophalangeal toe joint. A toe or foot injury is one possible cause. Other causes include foot deformities or certain medical conditions, such as arthritis. Additionally, wearing shoes with high heels or that are extremely narrow or too tight on a regular basis can also cause the metatarsophalangeal joint to become dislocated. Bunions can develop when any of these factors lead to dislocation of the metatarsophalangeal joint.

Preventing Bunions

It is possible to prevent bunions by avoiding some of the factors that can contribute to a dislocated toe joint. For example, wearing shoes that have enough room for the toes so they are not cramped together can minimize the possibility of developing bunions. Further, wearing shoes with a low heel is also helpful.

Another way to prevent bunions from forming is by wearing custom orthotics inside your shoes. Orthotics provide cushioning, stability, and support. Additionally, custom orthotics correct foot alignment problems that could be putting excess strain on the metatarsophalangeal joint. Wearing orthotics can help reduce friction, inflammation, instability, pain, and discomfort.

Treatments for Bunions

Several methods are available for treating bunions. It is best to seek professional treatment if you do develop bunions since they will not go away on their own. Some options available at our office in Stamford for treating bunions include:

  • Special exercises to increase joint mobility
  • Custom orthotics to stabilize the toe joint
  • Protective padding in the shoes to reduce friction
  • The use of a night splint to realign the toe joint
  • Removal of foot corns and calluses
  • Surgical intervention

There are two main methods for performing bunion surgery. One approach is referred to as a head procedure. It involves strategically cutting the bone just behind the toe joint so that the joint can be repositioned. A pin or screw is used to hold everything in place so the joint does not become dislocated again. The other method is called a base procedure. This approach is a bit more involved and treats the bone near or behind the joint of the big toe. Different methods can be used in based procedures to return the bone and joint back to the proper position.

We can help you prevent bunions with individualized recommendations, such as specific exercises for improving joint mobility or custom orthotics to reduce friction and correct faulty foot alignment. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Peter Siroka for help preventing or treating bunions by calling our office in Stamford, CT, at (203) 614-8185.

By Peter Y. Siroka, DPM
August 19, 2020
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Bunions  

While many people think that bunions are just pesky bumps on the side-bottom portion of their big toe, they can be really serious since they change the affected toe’s anatomy, and in turn, the whole foot. Bunions develop over time, and what starts out as a big toe pointing directly towards the adjacent toe will gradually end up permanently altering the alignment affected foot’s bones.

This is why prompt diagnosis and treatment from your foot doctor, Dr. Peter Siroka of Peter Y. Siroka, DPM in Stamford, CT and serving Fairfield County, is critical to prevent your bunion’s progression.

Why You Have a Bunion

Bunions could be genetic or caused by constant and prolonged wearing of ill-fitting and unsupportive footwear. They likewise worsen when wearing footwear that is too small, fit improperly, and too tight. In some cases, arthritis and other inflammatory diseases could also result in bunions.

How a Bunion Feels Like

Most individuals don’t feel bunion symptoms during the early stages of its development. As the bunion grows, however, they may feel these telltale symptoms:

  • Physical pain or discomfort in the affected toe
  • Swelling, redness, and/or a burning sensation in the area
  • Walking difficulties
  • Possible numbness in the affected toe

Non-Surgical and Conservative Bunion Treatment Options

  • Wear properly-fitted footwear with sufficient toe space.
  • Have your footwear stretched professionally to provide room for the toes.
  • Cushion the bunion with pads to minimize pain.
  • Avoid things that lead to pain, including standing too long.
  • Wear customized orthotic devices as recommended by your foot doctor in Stamford, CT.

Surgical Bunion Treatment

Your podiatrist might recommend surgical intervention if after trying all the recommended non-surgical methods, you still feel pain and are having issues with walking. The specific type of bunion surgery you’ll need to undergo will be based on your age, the extent of deformity, your activity level, and overall health.

Bunion surgery is used for correcting the big toe’s anatomical position. It entails putting back the bones, nerves, tendons, and ligaments in their proper positions, and the removal of the bunion. It’s usually an outpatient procedure, and the recovery time would vary based on the procedures performed on the bunion.

Ready to Get Much-Needed Relief From Your Bunion? We Can Help

Arrange an evaluation with your foot doctor here at Peter Y. Siroka, DPM in Stamford, CT and serving Fairfield County, Dr. Peter Siroka, by dialing (203) 614-8185.

By Peter Y. Siroka, DPM
May 01, 2019
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Bunions  

Bunions are a common foot problem. Although they tend to become more common as people age, anyone can develop a bunion. The Bunionsmost common symptom is a bony bump at the base of the big toe, which can become painful and make it difficult to fit into certain shoes and even affect mobility in some cases. You should discuss your symptoms with your podiatrist to avoid potential damage to the joint and other symptoms. Dr. Peter Siroka, a podiatrist in Stamford, CT, offers diagnostic and treatment options for bunions and other foot and ankle problems.


Diagnosis and Treatment Options for Bunions in Stamford, CT

Anyone can develop bunions, but there are some factors that can increase the risk and make some people more likely to develop them than others, including:

  • Age (they tend to be more common in older adults aged 65 and up)
  • Gender (they tend to be more common in women than in men in some cases)
  • Family history (if someone in your family has a bunion you may have a higher risk of developing them as well)
  • Arthritis or joint damage/injuries
  • Wearing high heels or uncomfortable, ill-fitting shoes that are too narrow and crowd the toes


What to Do if You Have a Bunion

Many people continue to function with bunions without difficulty, but they can be painful, uncomfortable, and lead to other problems like corns and calluses from friction between the bunion and your shoes, swelling and inflammation in the joint (bursitis), and pain/inflammation in other parts of the foot.


Treatment Options for Bunions

The best way to protect your feet from bunions is to wear comfortable shoes that fit well and provide adequate support for your foot type and level of activity. The typical treatment options for bunions include:

  • Medication
  • Splints
  • Orthotics
  • Surgery


Find a Podiatrist in Stamford, CT

For more information about finding relief and treatment options for your bunion symptoms, contact our office by calling (203) 614-8185 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Siroka today.

By Peter Y. Siroka, DPM
July 02, 2018
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Bunions  

How your podiatrist in Stamford can help with bunion painbunions

If you are suffering from bunion pain, you’re not alone. Bunions are a common foot problem, especially for women. A bunion appears as a hard, bony lump right next to your big toe. Bunions are caused by wearing shoes that cramp your toes, causing your big toe to bend. Your toe joint rubs against the inside of your shoe, and the friction causes a bunion. High heels add to the problem by pushing your foot forward. Bunions can also be caused by overpronation or rolling your feet when you walk.

Fortunately, there are ways to get relief from bunion pain. Dr. Peter Siroka in Stamford, CT, wants to share how to eliminate bunions and bunion pain.

At home, you can try a few simple remedies which can help including:

  • Taping your toe to support and cushion the bunion
  • Wearing cushions, wedges, or pads in your shoes to reduce friction

If home remedies don’t provide relief, and your bunion is large and painful, you need the services of an expert. Your podiatrist will take x-rays to determine the level of bone involvement and the best treatment option for you. Dr. Siroka may suggest:

  • Custom-fit night splints or orthotics to help realign your toe
  • Cortisone injections around the toe joint to reduce swelling and pain
  • Physical therapy and stretching to increase mobility and flexibility

If your bunion has a large amount of bone involvement, surgery may be indicated. There are two basic types of bunion surgery:

  • Head procedures to realign the big toe joint and fix it in place with screws or pins
  • Base procedures to realign the bone behind or close to the big toe joint

For more detailed information and facts about bunion surgery, please visit the Bunion Surgery section on the website at

Don’t be sidelined by painful bunions. You can get relief by just picking up the phone and calling your podiatrist, Dr. Siroka in Stamford, CT. Call today and get relief from your bunion pain!

By Peter Y. Siroka, DPM
June 14, 2017
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Bunions  

Hallux valgus, better known as bunions, are a troublesome yet treatable problem that affects 23 to 35 percent of people according to a bunionsstatistic published by Podiatry Today. When bunions interfere with your normal daily routine and make it difficult to wear shoes, it's time to talk to someone. If you have this foot problem, learn what causes it and how bunions can be treated by Dr. Peter Siroka at his Stamford, CT office.

What Are Bunions Exactly?
Many people incorrectly think that a bunion is an unnatural growth from the skin, but it's actually a bone that’s protruding from the inside of the foot. Take note of the fact that in most bunion cases, the big toe pushes toward the other toes—that’s due to the misaligned bone. Wearing bad shoes is the main cause of bunions, but experts have found that bunions run in the family. 

Are Bunions Permanent?
As permanent as they may seem, bunions do not have to be a lifelong problem. There are therapies and treatments that can help the bone return to its natural position and ease pain. In many cases, stopping or reversing the action that caused the bunions to form in the first place is the first step toward healing. For instance, wearing shoes prescribed by your Stamford podiatrist instead of the ones that caused the bunions could make a major difference after just a few weeks. In other cases, surgery may be necessary.

Bunion Treatments
Here are a few of the most common bunion treatments that your foot doctor may recommend:

- Foot wrapping, taping and splinting (common for athletes)
- Orthotic inserts customized just for your foot
- Medication for foot pain caused by bunions
- A bunionectomy in cases that can't be corrected non-invasively. During bunion surgery, the protrusion is removed by realigning the bone

Consult a Podiatrist 
Working, walking and exercising with a bunion isn't very pleasant, which is why you should contact your podiatrist ASAP for treatment or bunion surgery. Call (203) 614-8185 today for an appointment with Dr. Siroka at his Stamford, CT office.