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Posts for category: Foot Care

By Peter Y. Siroka, DPM
August 23, 2021
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Plantar Fasciitis  

Getting the right medical assistance from your podiatrist, Dr. Peter Siroka, can relieve your plantar fasciitis discomfort in Stamford, CT.

What Is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the plantar fascia, a connective tissue band on your feet. It's a painful foot condition that can make walking or standing for extended periods uncomfortable. Usually, plantar fasciitis pain begins when you take your first steps of the day or after a long rest period.

Plantar fasciitis generally manifests as heel pain but you may also experience some foot tenderness and stiffness. Plantar fasciitis is often caused by repetitive injury to your plantar fascia. Your weight, shoes, and foot shape can contribute to plantar fasciitis development.

Plantar Fasciitis Treatment

Treatment for plantar fasciitis is usually conservative. It might take some time for the treatments to effectively resolve your heel pain. However, trusting your podiatrist's treatment plan for your plantar fasciitis in Stamford, CT, is crucial for positive results. Plantar fasciitis treatments include:


You might not want to hear it, especially if you're an athlete or spend lots of time on your feet but rest is an essential step to resolving plantar fasciitis. Complete inactivity might not be practical. However, your podiatrist can help you develop a plan that features intermittent rest periods. You may also need to give up specific physical activities that aggravate your condition.

Change Your Shoes

Sometimes, simply getting a new pair of shoes is instrumental to improving foot pain. Older shoes become less supportive with age and may worsen your symptoms. You may also be wearing the wrong type of shoe and your podiatrist can help you fix that.


Anti-inflammatory medications help decrease your discomfort from plantar fasciitis. Your podiatrist may give you cortisone injections to manage inflammation. Putting ice on your heel may also help relieve your discomfort and inflammation.

Stretching Exercises and Physical Therapy

Stretching and strengthening exercises are typically effective treatments for plantar fasciitis. These exercises can help strengthen specific foot muscles. Physical therapy can also help restore foot function.

Orthotic Devices

Orthotic devices from your podiatrist can help support your feet to reduce your plantar fasciitis pain. Custom orthotic devices from your podiatrist are better suited to improve your foot condition than over-the-counter options.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT)

If your plantar fasciitis fails to improve after about six months of conservative treatments, your podiatrist may recommend ESWT. Here, your podiatrist uses sonic waves to encourage healing in your heel.


When your plantar fasciitis doesn't improve with conservative therapies, your podiatrist may recommend surgery to release your plantar fascia.

Treating plantar fasciitis in Stamford, CT, with your podiatrist, Dr. Siroka, can help rid you of heel pain. Call (203) 614-8185 to schedule your consultation today.

By Peter Y. Siroka, DPM
May 25, 2021
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Foot Doctor   Podiatrist  

Visiting your Stamford, CT, foot doctor, Dr. Peter Siroka, offers a few advantages you may not have considered. Among the long-term benefits of podiatric care are:

Reduced risk of chronic foot and ankle problems

It's easy to overlook pain in your foot or ankle, hoping that the problem will get better if you just give it another week or month. Unfortunately, the longer you ignore pain or difficulty walking, the more likely you are to develop arthritis in a joint or chronic pain.

Treating injuries and foot and ankle conditions promptly will help you avoid a lifetime of pain or decreased mobility. If you already have arthritis or another foot or ankle condition, regular visits to the foot doctor may help slow the progression of the condition.

No more annoying hip, back, or leg pain

Your hip, back, or leg pain could actually be related to a foot issue. Your feet support your weight and help keep your bones, joints, and muscles properly aligned and balanced. If your feet roll inward or outward when you walk, you may soon feel aches and pains in your hips, legs, or lower back.

Fortunately, your Stamford podiatrist can offer a simple solution for the common problem. He'll design custom shoe inserts called orthotics that properly support your foot, improve alignment, and reduce motion.

Better sports performance

Foot imbalances and other issues can affect your sports performance or increase your risk of injuries. Your foot doctor can analyze your gait and recommend the best type of shoes for your activity. He may also recommend orthotics. In addition to supporting and aligning your foot, the shoe inserts provide a little extra cushioning that makes running, walking, and jumping more comfortable.

Without podiatric treatment, you may spend years wondering why you keep getting hurt or can't break through a plateau, despite making changes to your training routine.

Lower risk of complications if you have diabetes

A broken blister or cut on your foot is much more than a minor annoyance if you have diabetes. Any break in the skin, no matter how small, can quickly become infected. The disease slows healing, increasing the risk that the infection will spread to your foot and leg.

Visiting your podiatrist as soon as you notice open sores, burst blisters, or signs of infections, such as redness, pus, or changes in skin color or sensation can help you protect your feet and legs. Prompt treatment can help you avoid an amputation, which could change your life dramatically.

Are you ready to improve your foot and ankle health with a visit to Dr. Peter Siroka? Call (203) 614-8185 to schedule an appointment with your foot doctor in Stamford, CT.

By Peter Y. Siroka, DPM
April 15, 2021
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Diabetic Foot Care  

Your podiatrist in Stamford, CT, can help your feet when you have diabetes.

Do you have diabetes? If so, you need to find out all you can about how to protect your feet. That’s because diabetes can dramatically affect your extremities, especially your feet and toes. Dr. Peter Siroka in Stamford, CT, offers a full range of foot care services, including treatment for diabetic feet.

These are just a few of the most common questions about diabetic foot care:

How can diabetes affect my feet?

Diabetes causes problems with your immune, circulatory, and nervous systems. Immune system issues can impair your ability to heal. That means if you get a small cut or blister, it can turn into a painful diabetic ulcer. Circulatory issues can cause a lack of blood flow to your feet and toes, potentially causing tissue death and amputations. Nervous system problems can mean that if you injure your feet, you may not feel it. You are also at risk of developing diabetic neuropathy, a painful nerve condition.

What can I do to care for my feet?

There are several important steps you should take on a daily basis. Remember to:

  • Wash and dry your feet thoroughly to lower your risk of infection
  • Apply moisturizing cream to your feet and toes to keep your skin from drying out
  • Check your feet for open sores, cuts, or blisters
  • Apply antibiotic cream and bandage any injured areas to prevent infection
  • Do foot and toe stretches to boost blood flow

How can my podiatrist help my diabetic feet?

Regular foot examinations can help protect your feet. Your podiatrist is an expert at caring for diabetic feet. Dr. Siroka can diagnose and treat foot and toe issues early, so they don’t grow into major foot problems.

You don't have to suffer from diabetic foot issues when help is just a phone call away. To find out more about diabetic foot care and other foot care services, call Dr. Siroka in Stamford, CT, at (203) 614-8185  today!

By Peter Y. Siroka, DPM
December 24, 2020
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Bunions  

Bunions are bony protrusions along the side of the foot near the base of the big toe. They can develop when the metatarsophalangeal joint that connects the large toe to the rest of the foot becomes dislocated. Bunions will not heal on their own, but different treatment options are available. Plus, there are steps you can take to prevent them in the first place. Dr. Peter Siroka, the experienced podiatrist at our office in Stamford, CT, can help with bunions treatment and prevention.

Causes of Bunions

The primary cause of bunions is a dislocated toe joint. When the metatarsophalangeal joint slips out of place, the big toe slants toward the smaller ones. This slanted position can cause the dislocated joint to push up against the side of the foot and protrude outward, resulting in the formation of a bony bump which is known as a bunion. In addition to the discomfort of a dislocated big toe joint, the friction produced when the interior of the shoes rub against the bunions can also lead to pain and discomfort.

Many factors can contribute to a dislocated metatarsophalangeal toe joint. A toe or foot injury is one possible cause. Other causes include foot deformities or certain medical conditions, such as arthritis. Additionally, wearing shoes with high heels or that are extremely narrow or too tight on a regular basis can also cause the metatarsophalangeal joint to become dislocated. Bunions can develop when any of these factors lead to dislocation of the metatarsophalangeal joint.

Preventing Bunions

It is possible to prevent bunions by avoiding some of the factors that can contribute to a dislocated toe joint. For example, wearing shoes that have enough room for the toes so they are not cramped together can minimize the possibility of developing bunions. Further, wearing shoes with a low heel is also helpful.

Another way to prevent bunions from forming is by wearing custom orthotics inside your shoes. Orthotics provide cushioning, stability, and support. Additionally, custom orthotics correct foot alignment problems that could be putting excess strain on the metatarsophalangeal joint. Wearing orthotics can help reduce friction, inflammation, instability, pain, and discomfort.

Treatments for Bunions

Several methods are available for treating bunions. It is best to seek professional treatment if you do develop bunions since they will not go away on their own. Some options available at our office in Stamford for treating bunions include:

  • Special exercises to increase joint mobility
  • Custom orthotics to stabilize the toe joint
  • Protective padding in the shoes to reduce friction
  • The use of a night splint to realign the toe joint
  • Removal of foot corns and calluses
  • Surgical intervention

There are two main methods for performing bunion surgery. One approach is referred to as a head procedure. It involves strategically cutting the bone just behind the toe joint so that the joint can be repositioned. A pin or screw is used to hold everything in place so the joint does not become dislocated again. The other method is called a base procedure. This approach is a bit more involved and treats the bone near or behind the joint of the big toe. Different methods can be used in based procedures to return the bone and joint back to the proper position.

We can help you prevent bunions with individualized recommendations, such as specific exercises for improving joint mobility or custom orthotics to reduce friction and correct faulty foot alignment. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Peter Siroka for help preventing or treating bunions by calling our office in Stamford, CT, at (203) 614-8185.

By Peter Y. Siroka, DPM
November 05, 2020
Category: Foot Care
Tags: orthotics   Custom Orthotics  

Do you suffer from foot, ankle, leg or back pain? Custom orthotics provided by your Stamford, CT, podiatrist, Dr. Peter Siroka, may offer the solution to your problem.

What are orthotics?

Your feet must be perfectly aligned and balanced to properly support the weight of your body. Even minor issues can affect foot balance, alignment and stability and lead to foot, leg or back pain. Your arches might be too high or too low, your feet may turn in or out when you walk, or you may have a foot injury or deformity. Your orthotics are custom-designed for your feet and your specific foot condition.

Orthotics don't just offer arch support, although that's certainly an important function. The prescription shoe inserts also keep your feet properly aligned, prevent excessive foot motion and absorb shock. Thanks to the cushioning effect they offer, orthotics can reduce the risk of sores and blisters if you have diabetes or help you avoid common running injuries like shin splints, runner's knee and tendonitis.

What types of orthotics are available?

During your visit to the Stamford podiatry office, your foot doctor may recommend one of these orthotic types:

  • Rigid Orthotics: These full-length inserts are made of rigid plastic or carbon. They can be helpful if you have leg pain, flat feet, back pain, different leg legs, an abnormal gait, or if you overpronate (turn your feet in when you walk.)
  • Semi-Rigid Orthotics: Semi-rigid orthotics also extend from your heels to your toes, but consist of a layer of softer materials over a rigid core. The orthotics provide a little cushioning and also help control balance and foot movement. They may be recommended if your child's toes turn in or out, or you have foot pain. Semi-rigid orthotics are a good choice for athletes too.
  • Soft Orthotics: Made of softer, more flexible materials than the other full-length orthotics, soft orthotics absorb shock, reduce pressure on the feet and offer ample cushioning. Soft orthotics may be a good option for you if you have diabetes, arthritis, bunions or hammertoes.
  • Heel Cups: Heel cups fit in the heel area of your shoes and offer extra cushioning that can reduce the pain of Achilles tendonitis, thinning fats pads under the heels, plantar fasciitis or heel spurs.

Orthotics offer a simple solution to pain and discomfort. Call your podiatrist in Stamford, CT, Dr. Siroka, at (203) 614-8185 to schedule your appointment.